INTRODUCTION TO FOUNDATION COURSES
Injectable cosmetic treatments are chosen by many individuals as a solution for reducing facial wrinkles and achieving smoother looking skin.
Over time, all skin areas of the body age, with the damage mainly being caused by excessive sun exposure. This exposure to sunlight can result in facial wrinkles, sagging, dryness, liver spots and growths. Cigarette smoking and inherited factors may also contribute.
Increasingly, people are turning to cosmetic and/or medical treatments to combat these features of aging. The treatments available range from surgical procedures to rejuvenation techniques such as chemical peels, dermabrasion, and laser resurfacing. Other popular options include the use of Botox injections and injectable dermal fillers.
Botulinum Toxin Injections
Botulinum Toxin Type A is a neurotoxin produced by a bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. Small injected doses of the toxin paralyses and relaxes muscles in the face, which eventually makes wrinkles and frown lines less obvious.
Local anaesthesia is not usually required. The skin is cleaned and the treatment is injected into areas of the face where it is needed. Each area usually requires several injections and the process takes around ten minutes.
The effects are not immediately obvious. The treatment takes a few days to have an impact and full effects are achieved after about two weeks. These effects usually last for four to six months, after which further injections are required to maintain them.
There are four main types of injectable dermal fillers, which include fat, collagen, hyaluronic acid, and microsphere containing carriers of another material such as polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). These are described in more detail below.